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7 Essential Plumbing Design Tips When Building A New House

Plumbing is a vital part of the house when it comes to building a new home. It’s important to know what type of plumbing you’re going to need and what type of materials you should use.

If you are planning to remodel your house or build a new one, definitely you need creative plumbing designers, like Voltas Engineering. Let our experts help you with the utmost Plumbing Design in Surrey, BC.

It’s easy for things to go through the cracks when there are so many aspects to consider. Plumbing is the only last thing you can skip during a remodel or new home building. You need to ponder the decoration, and the HVAC systems, plumbing, and construction materials.

In this article, we have put together 7 essential plumbing designing tips when building a new house. By the end of this article, the task of planning a plumbing design system would be easier for you.

So let’s get started…

Apply and Obtain mandatory Permits.

This critical phase is sometimes forgotten during tiny projects, and while it will slow down your work. It is an important part of the whole process. To ensure your property complies with fire safety regulations and codes mandatory permits play a vital role.

If you fail to get the necessary permits for your new plumbing system you will end up where you started. This may result in fines and legal issues. So do yourself a favor and apply to obtain permission as soon as possible.

The cost of permits clearly depends upon where you live and what work you want to be done.

Assess Your Plumbing Needs

After figuring out what permits you will require for designing plumbing then it’s time to look after your plumbing needs. There are many factors that need to be considered including a budget, preferences, the number of bathrooms, and how many people will be living in a new home.

Other things you need to determine like where your sewer, drain, and plumbing are located to ensure that they work properly.

Every person has their choices, you may like to have a fancy  Bathroom Plumbing Layout in Surrey, BC. The number of bathrooms will significantly impact plumbing design requirements. The number of bathrooms with fancy fittings may involve complex and time-consuming designing layouts.

Plumbing requirements not only consist of the indoor plumbing connections but the outdoor plumbing connections too. To ensure sufficient outdoor plumbing connections you need to focus on plumbing requirements also. Make sure your pipes last longer in extreme weather conditions like winter and other seasons.

Make a List Of Locations Where Plumbing Design Needs

After figuring out what your plumbing requirements are, you need to create a list of spaces  for plumbing needs. So, let’s break down the list of suggestions and figure out the features required for water supply.

  • Kitchen: First start with the Kitchen, the most important part of any house. There you will have one or more sinks, a dishwasher, and probably a water faucet too. People also get installed filtered drinking water faucets installed on top by paying extra.
  • Bathrooms: Bathrooms are the main area where you require proper plumbing planning. Toilets, sinks, drains, showers, bathtubs, and maybe more will all need to be considered. If your new house has more than one bathroom layout, you’ll need to select which amenities will be included in each one.
  • Outdoor Area: Although the outside area is not part of any room but still part of the house. You must be considered the outside area while designing plumbing because of outdoor water faucets, pipes, artificial waterfalls & swimming pools.
  • Laundry Room: Your laundry room will require pipes to be installed for appliances like washing machines, gas, and ventilation pipes for tumble dryers. Make sure to include these things while plumbing design in Surrey, BC.
  • Basement: Your basement is another space in your house with potentially important plumbing features. If your location is prone to floods, a sump pump may be required to remove excess water runoff. Sump pumps are a necessary element in some regions because they protect foundations and structures from harm.

If your location is prone to flooding but not to the extent that a sump pump is required, you can have a portable water pump on hand.

Centralized the Points for Plumbing System

It is very important to have one centralized point to control and manage the different aspects of the plumbing system in one place. Below are the appliances that you should consider for centralizing:

  • Water Softener
  • Water Heater
  • Sewer Connection
  • Sump Pump
  • Pit For Sewage Ejectors
  • Furnace

They all can be installed together in your basement because you can’t find any better place for this. The advantage of creating a central point is to save time and hassle during maintenance. It is essential to increase the longevity of your plumbing system and save money on repairs.

Accessible Water Shut-Off Switch

Another convenient feature that you need to look after while plumbing design is Water Shut-Off Switch. This will help you in certain situations like water leakage and ruptured pipes. You may save money and avoid water damage by having access to your plumbing system’s main valve.

Choosing a convenient spot for water shut-off which is easy to find and access easily could save your time after a pipe rupture and water flood.

Water Treatments

You may need certain water treatments for further protection depending on where you reside and the water quality in your new house. The water that goes through your plumbing system may have a big impact on your budget, your health, and even your plan.

The term “hard water” refers to water that contains a lot of calcium and limestone. Although it is not dangerous to people, it can cause lime buildup in appliances and sinks.

Water softeners should be used in your plumbing design system to prevent hard water from causing damage to your house.

The main water supply in some locations may not be totally safe to drink. As a result, households purchase water filtration systems to remove chemicals and pollutants from their drinking water.

Contact with Experienced & Professional Plumber

After done with your plumbing design, you need to hire a trusted, well-trained, and professional plumber who can perform the installation task. Tell them what you want to be done and what features you desires in your Plumbing Design in Surrey, BC.

A good plumber executes your plan with their expertise and accuracy to ensure you have got all your necessary features working flawlessly in your new house.

The reason for hiring a qualified plumber is to ensure your insurance, and building permits are valid and safely deliver quality plumbing work. The price for hiring a professional plumber may vary depending on the scale of the job and location. This could result in expensive fees at some stage in the future.

Importance and principles of Fire Sprinklers

Do you work in a factory or departmental store?

 

Do you own a departmental store, factory or any property with higher chances of fire bursting? Then the fire is obviously your biggest enemy. God forbid that this happens but still prepare your property with fire sprinklers. The flames can cover your workplace in seconds.

 

A lot of damage can happen like an unwanted explosion that can occur at the workplace which can be devastating, and workplace resources can burn into ashes.

 

So, it’s compulsory to have a fire-fighting system that can immediately take control of the fire. It is something like a bell on the roof that puts out a fire automatically, when fire burst.

 

Here, we’re going to discuss a system which is known as the Fire Sprinklers System. We will try to be clear about what Fire sprinklers are and on which principles it is based?

Basic Mechanism of a Fire Sprinkler System

A fire sprinkler system is basically a fire protection system that is designed to overcome sudden fire in-home or apartments, big factories, etc.

 

A fire sprinkler system is a system that consists of a water supply system, providing appropriate pressure to flow rate, and a water distribution piping system on which sprinklers are connected.

How does the Fire Sprinkler System Work?

Let’s get in-depth about the mechanism of the fire sprinkler system.

Basic Operation

A closed head fire sprinkler is held closed by a heat-sensitive glass bulb or two-part metal links closely held together with an alloy that is fusible. So, the glass bulb places pressure on a pipe cap which acts as a plug that saves water from flowing until a suitable temperature reaches the activation sensor of the sprinkler head.

 

A typical sprinkler is utilized for industrial manufacturing occupancies, discharges about 75–150 liters/min (20–40 US gallons/min). Yet, a distinctive Early Suppression Fast (quick) Response (ESFR) sprinkler at a pressure of 50 psi (340 kPa) will discharge approx. 380 Liters/m (100 US gal/min).

 

In addition, a sprinkler will generally activate within 1-4 minutes of the fire’s bursting., and it takes at least five minutes for a fire department to register an alarm and drive to the fireplace, and an extra ten minutes to set up equipment and apply hose streams to the fire. This extra time can result in a much larger fire, requiring much more water and effort.

 

A sprinkler system is a web of pipes through the ceiling of a building holding water under pressure. Each sprinkler is a kind of valve a hole in the pipe through which water will shower on the flames.

 

In a sprinkler, the hand-operated faucet is restored by a heat-sensitive plug designed to open automatically when a fire breaks out. In some sprinklers, the plug is made up of an alloy called Wood’s metal, a compound of bismuth, lead, tin, and cadmium that melts at a relatively lesser temperature. In other sprinklers, the plug is a small glass bulb full of a glycerin-based liquid designed to enlarge and explode when it gets hot. The basic concept of fire sprinklers is that a plug is meant to break and open the sprinkler as soon as a fire breaks out.

Benefits of A Fire Sprinkler System

In any apartment or building. There is always a great risk of being caught in the fire which is a serious issue to consider. The fire brigade team can only do so much after the space has already been ignited, that’s why it’s important to have some kind of fire protection system.

 

If you’re looking to find a reliable method of sudden fire protection at home or apartments then you can consider the option of installation of fire sprinkler systems at home.

 

  1. Overcome the Risk of Death

 

God forbid that someday if there’s a sudden firing at your workplace, what would you do? Well, it’s not easy to think and find the solution when you get into such a situation.

 

Obviously, an individual will just make a call to the fire brigade team without wasting time. But think about it again, by the time the fire brigade team reaches the spot, many lives would have been in danger. So, its simple solution is “Installation of a Fire Sprinklers System”. Even without an emergency exit, fire sprinkler systems can help to create a clear path so people can escape safely without having any serious injuries.

 

  1. Negligible Maintenance

 

Most sorts of sprinklers require next to no maintenance and they regularly keep moving along as planned with just their yearly check. Most installers likewise offer support checks more than once per year where they will test the worth so perceive how the framework is working.

 

  1. Reduce Risk of Property Damage

 

Some business owners, with an end goal to set aside a little cash, will not put resources into the best fire sprinkler system. However, investing into a sprinkler framework can really get a good deal on insurance payments over the long haul, and also safeguard a business from genuine fire harm.

 

Cost-Effective

 

If we talk about the cost of the fire sprinkler system then compared to the other fire control methods, sprinkler systems are one the most cost-effective ways to save your living space (Home, Apartments, etc.) and you.

 

It costs a couple of percent overall property value.

 

Build Property Value

 

It could be worth it if you ever sell your property. Properties using fire sprinklers are a much more attractive purchase for any type of buyer.

What is HVAC System? Types, Working Principle, Cost

Hvac

So what is an HVAC System? And how does it work? What are the major types of HVAC systems? All we’ll discuss in this article. So let’s get started:

 

The term HVAC is abbreviated as Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. It is the technology based on the principle of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer. The major goal of this technology is to provide thermal comfort and acceptable interior fresh air quality. It’s sometimes abbreviated as HVACR.

Top 5 Reasons Why HVAC is Important?

As HVAC is an essential part of family homes, hotels, apartment buildings, large skyscrapers and Hospitals and vehicles such as cars, ships, airplanes and also in marine environments where safe and good buildings conditions are controlled with respect to temperature and humidity.

 

HVAC systems are mainly responsible for the regulation of hotness, wind current, ventilation, and cooling of a whole structure. You will not see the machines when you enter the building yet you will assuredly feel the impacts of a comfortable and well-ventilated workplace.

 

Here are the top 5 reasons listed below that why are the business owners prefer to have an HVAC systems in their workplace buildings.

Hvac
  1. A proper and rightly maintained HVAC system is one of the best investments for any business or building owner because it saves energy. With advancement in technology, HVAC systems are automated today. This means you don’t have to interfere anymore to adjust the time settings of the each machine.

 

  1. HVAC systems manage the general environment in the building space. They additionally make the appropriate changes at whatever point we experience changes in open air temperature. During the winter season, the HVAC frameworks (principally the boilers or radiators) work to keep the indoor temperature at an comfortable level. In hotter times of the period, the HVAC frameworks control air temperature by giving the essential cooling to keep the whole building comfortable.

 

  1. HVAC systems not just direct the temperature inside the building; they likewise work on the nature of air. The nature of air relates to humidity, and an average HVAC framework will diminish the measure of moistness noticeable all around so your workers and representatives can keep partaking in a comfortable and pleasant environment at work.

 

4 Having a decent office environment expands the degree of productivity and builds assurance among the laborers and the employees.

 

If you let your employees work in settings helpful for work, they will clearly be persuaded to perform better on the grounds that they feel great in their workplace. No worker will enjoy working in an office where it is freezing, or in an office where you every now and again need to overlook your sweat just to zero in on your PC screen. Having an appropriate HVAC framework introduced is ensured to happy your employees, thus, giving you better work results in return.

 

  1. Automated HVAC frameworks can likewise tell when your workers or employees are as of now not in the building structure. It will then, at that point, naturally decline the measure of energy used to keep up with legitimate indoor temperatures.

HVAC Applications

If we talk about the applications of the HVAC system then there’re a lot of practical applications that we’re going to discuss here.

 

1 HVAC plays a major role in the construction of high rise building structure, complex, industrial unit, hospitals and parking units etc where the quality of the air and the thermal parameters that need to be properly managed so that individuals around can live properly.

 

2 HVAC systems are also used in Chillers that are generally utilized in enormous business or industrial complexes to give low-temperature water to their different applications. A blower is utilized as a cooling vehicle for heat exchange. As water is of large density and volume when contrasted with air, the parts utilized are bigger in size when contrasted with the ones utilized in AHU.

 

3 HVAC systems have a major role in water-source heat pumps that provide considerable energy saving for huge buildings under severe cold weather. The working of different zones can be molded by a few individual heat pumps since each heat pump can be controlled by the zone control. A concentrated water flow loop can be utilized as a heat source and hotness sink for heat pumps.

 

In this manner, heat pumps can go about as the primary source of heating and cooling. The principal drawback is the absence of air ventilation like the all-water frameworks as in fan coil units.

 

4 HVAC system has also major role in Local Ventilation system that can be a forced activation system by using devices such as window fan to activate air movement between outdoor and single zone.

Conclusion

So, we’ve discussed a little about what a HVAC system is? And why it’s important. We’ve also highlighted that what can be the practical applications for HVAC .

 

This article presents all the kinds of HVAC frameworks. HVAC systems have a few some prerequisites including essential hardware like heating equipment, cooling equipment, and conveyance hardware; space requirement like HVAC facilities, HVAC room, and vertical shaft; air dispersion; and piping.

The full mechanism of building envelope?

So what is a Building Envelope and what does it actually mean?

What makes up the building envelope? What are the types of building envelopes? All these queries answers we’ll discuss in this article.

In this article, we’ll assist builders and contractors in understanding the mechanism of the building envelope to identify the major faults in building structures for the purpose of enhancing air sealing and creating more building structures that are feasible & cost-effective in all environmental conditions. Let’s understand this concept of Building Envelope closely to get a more clear vision.

Building Envelope Definitions

It is defined as the physical wall or barrier between the interior and exterior surroundings of a building structure including the resistance to water, air and heat, noise, and light transmission.

For Example:

1 – In the rainy season, we use raincoats & umbrellas, we dress well in the season of winter & cold and still we expect from our homes to provide protection from the exterior environmental conditions.

2 – If we talk about walls, roofs, doors, windows etc. they all play a major role in building envelope.

If we can summarize it in one simple line definition then it may also be defined as the exterior layer or shell of a building that repel the surrounding elements. It is essential to remember that these are mixed layers. Each coating of building envelope has its own importance which consists of smaller pieces that working together to provide a structural support. Hope you have some basic understanding of the concept “Building Envelope”.

Note: One thing must be noted here that the design of the building must be carried out carefully to ensure that there are no cracks between the windows and imperfections between the roof and the walls

Why Building Envelope?

So why there is a requirement for building envelope arises? What is the importance of a building envelope? All we’ll discuss in this part. A structure envelope is normally characterized as the division of the inside and outside of a structure. It works with environment control and ensures the indoor climate. Generally, it is the whole outside building framework. It incorporates entryways, windows, rooftop, establishment, floor, siding, and every one of the parts like primary brickwork and protection. As discussed in the part of the definition that the whole mechanism of the building envelope is based on the four critical functions such as

  • Structural Support,
  • Vapor Management,
  • Temperature Regulation & Air flow

 

Functions of the Building Envelope (Mechanism)

A building envelope works on the basic three functions such as control, moisture, air & thermal that are characterize as control functions

1 Control

Moisture Control: The moisture control is basically defined as the ability to regulate the transfer of moisture. Moisture can extremely impact on the overall performance of the building over your head (the upper part), the basement part and walls.

This should be taken care that all the components must be carefully addressed to get protection from unwanted transfer from causing severe damage.

Air Control: It means to regulate the air flow is to controlling energy consumption, ensuring indoor air quality avoiding condensation and offering comfort.

Thermal Control: If we talk about thermal transfer it means that how comfortable we feel inside our houses.

2 Support

The whole foundation of the building envelope is totally depends on the strength of its support on which a structure will stand out.

A building envelope also ensures strength and rigidity. A strong structural support is a key to an incredible building envelope and it can decide how a building structure or home can handle outer loads and forces

For Example: External loads and forces can be Rain, thunderstorm or any other extreme environmental conditions.

3 Finish

The finish process is also known as the aesthetic. To make the building look more attractive while performing support and control functions.

What Makes Up the Building Envelope?

Here the question arises that what makes up the building envelope? What are the major component that makes the whole foundation of a strong and secure building envelope?

The building envelope is made up of the 5 major elements that we’ll discuss further in this article.

What are the Five Elements of Building Envelope System?

The building envelope includes the materials that contain the following 5 elements as listed below:

    • Foundation,
    • Divider gathering,
    • Material frameworks,
    • Coating,
    • Entryways and some other infiltrations.

The associations and compatibility between these components is basic to guarantee that the building envelope function as expected.

 

5 – Essential Key Elements of Building Envelope System: Explained

1 Foundation

So what does a foundation means? As its name suggesting that it’s some kind of structural support that helps to transfer the whole loads from the building to underlying substrate.

Also some compound of stiffened slabs, concrete walls and base (Land) constitute the structural components of the foundation. The exchange of nuclear power through the establishment can be constrained by giving insulation between the inside and outside conditions; notwithstanding, at times the establishment protection is fail to lessen development costs.

2 Roofing System

If we talk about the roofing system, The Roofing system plays a major part of any house as it keeps complete protection from the bad surrounding conditions like heavy rain, thunderstorm etc.

It is basically made up of shingles on the outer part, which are on the top of tar sheeting as vapor wall or barrier. The composition of the roofing system is so complex.

There is a wood sheathing inside of the tar paper. It should be noted that the upper area in most houses are insulated with fiberglass spray protection.

3 Glazing

Glazing is defined as the panel in windows, skylights and doors that let the light pass through

4 Doors

There is no single doubt in this that doors are one of the biggest holes in the housing envelope. Having outer doors that get seal in proper way and enhance the thermal efficiency of any house

5 Wall Assembly

Wall Assembly plays a major role in building envelope and important element that completes the support, control and finish function the whole building envelope. The accurate placement for each element may vary between climates and buildings. Some of the elements are found in the wall exterior and interior.

  • Vapour wall (barrier)
  • Interior covering
  • Outer cladding
  • Exterior covering membrane
  • Structural elements & insulation

According to the research report, this much amount of people in the world uses building envelope